Alf Wilkinson explores the achievements of Pytheas, the first person, as far as we know, to sail completely around the British Isles in around 325 BC.
- 1 What country did pytheas sail for?
- 2 When did pytheas visit Britain?
- 3 What was pytheas trade routes?
- 4 How was the Pythia chosen?
- 5 Did pytheas go to Iceland?
- 6 Did Greeks go to Britain?
- 7 Did the Greeks reach Iceland?
- 8 Who discovered diameter of Earth?
- 9 Who was the first Greek explorer to reach the Arctic?
- 10 Where did the ancient Greeks explore?
- 11 What did ancient Greek geographers call Antarctica?
- 12 What were some of the products the Greeks traded?
- 13 What was Eratosthenes contribution to oceanography?
What country did pytheas sail for?
From Cornwall, Pytheas sailed north through the Irish Sea between Britain and Ireland all the way to the northern tip of Scotland, probably going as far as the Orkney Islands. Along the way, he stopped and traveled for short distances inland and described the customs of the inhabitants.
When did pytheas visit Britain?
Pytheas of Massalia explored the shores of Britain and Scandinavia. Pytheas is known to have traveled around the entire island of Britain in the mid 4th century BC; however, it is still unclear exactly how much time it took to do this, and how much of his journey was spent on the land itself versus how much was by sail
What was pytheas trade routes?
Pytheas must have crossed Gaul about 330 BC by the trade route following the Rhone and the Loire to the Atlantic coast. From a Breton port he crossed to Cornwall and sailed round Britain.
How was the Pythia chosen?
A Pythia was chosen among the priestesses of the temple upon the death of the previous Pythia. Moral character was of utmost importance, and even if the newly-chosen Pythia was married and had a family, she had to relinquish all familial duties in order to fill her role in the temple.
Did pytheas go to Iceland?
Sometime around 330 BCE, Pytheas, a little-known Greek merchant, embarked on an astonishing voyage. Significantly, it also contains tantalizing evidence that Pytheas may have reached as far north as Iceland and the Arctic Ocean.
Did Greeks go to Britain?
Amazingly, Greek was spoken in England hundreds of years before the English language or Anglo Saxons ever reached the shores of Britain. The first traces of Greeks in Britain were from the Mycenaean Civilization, era 1600 BC to 1100 BC; who arrived in Britain as traders or soldiers.
Did the Greeks reach Iceland?
However, new research suggests that the ancient Greeks discovered the northern island before the year 300 BC. Andrew Breeze, a lecturer in the University of Navarra’s Department of Philology, says “the Greeks not only reached India with Alexander the Great, but also discovered Iceland with the explorer Pytheas”.
Who discovered diameter of Earth?
The first person to determine the size of Earth was Eratosthenes of Cyrene, who produced a surprisingly good measurement using a simple scheme that combined geometrical calculations with physical observations. Eratosthenes was born around 276 B.C., which is now Shahhat, Libya. He studied in Athens at the Lyceum.
Who was the first Greek explorer to reach the Arctic?
Probably the first to approach the Arctic regions was a Greek, Pytheas, who in the 4th century bce made a voyage from the Mediterranean, around Britain, to a place he called Thule, variously identified as the Shetlands, Iceland, and Norway.
Where did the ancient Greeks explore?
Perhaps motivated more by commercial opportunities rather than pure knowledge expansion, Greeks did occasionally go beyond the confines of the Mediterranean and explore the Atlantic coasts of Europe and Northern Africa.
What did ancient Greek geographers call Antarctica?
This hypothetical region, which had never been seen much less mapped, even had names: The term “ Antarctic,” coined by Greek geographer Marinus of Tyre back in the second century, referred to an imagined area opposite the Arctic Circle; and in the fifth century, the Roman scholar Macrobius included a southern territory
What were some of the products the Greeks traded?
Traded goods Common goods were grains, wine, olives, cheese, honey, meat and tools. In many parts of the world, people wanted beautiful Greek pottery. This pottery has been found as far away as the western coast of Africa. Other popular Greek goods were wine, olives, olive oil and marble.
What was Eratosthenes contribution to oceanography?
Besides navigation, Eratosthenes also measured the Earth’s circumference fairly well. Research into physical oceanography included Strabo, who observed volcanic activity and concluded that land was not totally static. He also realized that streams eroded continents and deposited sediments into the ocean.